A solar storm warning has been issued, with one scientist predicting that at least two “big-flare players” would be launched from the Sun soon. Dr Tamitha Skov, a space weather scientist, stated that numerous sunspot clusters might be viewed from Earth. She noted that, while there have been “no significant Earth-directed storms yet,” they were on “high alert.”
Solar flares, coronal mass ejections, high-speed solar wind, and solar energetic particles are the four primary components of solar activity. The term “solar storm” alludes to the effects that these phenomena have on Earth.
So, how do these solar events affect the Earth? Solar flares only affect the Earth when they occur on the side of the Sun that is facing us, according to NASA. Similarly, coronal mass ejections — the massive clouds of plasma and magnetic field expelled from the Sun — will only hit the Earth if the cloud blasted from the Sun is pointed in our direction.
When it comes to the high-speed solar wind, it only affects the Earth when it gets closer to the solar equator. Finally, any impact will be caused by solar energetic particles that follow magnetic field lines that meet the Earth.
According to Express, “the pocket of rapid solar wind from the tiny coronal hole is over-performing,” which might result in spectacular aurora displays in various parts of the globe. People were also encouraged to “enjoy a little of aurora,” according to Skov.
Depending on their severity, solar storms can have a wide range of consequences on Earth. Geomagnetic storms are graded on a scale of G1 Minor to G5 Extreme by the US Space Weather Center.
While minor storms can cause “weak power grid fluctuations,” “impact on satellite operations,” and “affect migratory animals,” extreme storms can cause blackouts, damage transformers, grid system collapse, widespread voltage control problems, and make tracking satellites difficult, among other things.
The Sun’s magnetic cycle bursts into overdrive every 11 years, according to a NASA blog. During the height of this cycle, known as solar maximum, the magnetic poles of the Sun flip. Greater sunspots, more energy, and solar particle explosions result from changes in the Sun’s magnetic field.